2009 – China opens the world’s longest high-speed rail route, which links Beijing and Guangzhou. 1996 – Six-year-old beauty queen JonBenét Ramsey is found beaten and strangled in the basement of her family’s home in Boulder, Colorado. 1982 – Time’s Man of the Year is for the first time a non-human, the personal computer. 1975 – Tu-144, the world’s first commercial supersonic aircraft, surpassing Mach 2, went into service. 1973 – The Exorcist starring Linda Blair, premieres in theaters with an X rating. The film becomes the first horror film to be nominated for a Best Picture Oscar. 1967 – BBC broadcasts Magical Mystery Tour. 1966 – The first Kwanzaa is celebrated by Maulana Karenga, the chair of Black Studies at California State University, Long Beach. 1941 – U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt signs a bill establishing the fourth Thursday in November as Thanksgiving Day in the United States.
1924 American singer, actress, and vaudevillian Judy Garland makes her show business debut at age 2. 1846 – Trapped in snow in the Sierra Nevadas and without food, members of the Donner Party resort to cannibalism.